Thursday 23 Nov 2017 |
AFED report 2017
 
KFAS
Environment and development AL-BIA WAL-TANMIA Leading Arabic Environment Magazine

November-December 2017
Editorial
Forum
NAJIB SAAB
Arab Environment in 10 Years: Bleak with Bright Spots
NAJIB SAAB
The overall environmental outlook in the Arab region is bleak, despite progress on some fronts, according to the latest report of AFED
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Akram Miknas
From the dust we came and to the dust we shall return
Akram Miknas
In too many parts of the Arab world, we are so busy killing each other that we’re hardly aware of the most serious threats our region faces
more...

Najib Saab
AFED Founding Trustee Maroun Semaan Passes Away
Najib Saab
Secretary General of the Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) Najib Saab announced to AFED community the passing of founding trustee Maro
more...

MOHAMED EL-ASHRY
White House Denies Greenhouse: Why Arabs Shouldn’t Follow Trump
MOHAMED EL-ASHRY
On March 28, President Trump signed an executive order that would roll back much of the United States Government efforts to curb greenhouse gas
more...
 
 
 
Meet the
 Editor-in-Chief
Najib Saab
 
 
Selected articles News
FactCheck: The facts on Trump's EPA nominee 15/12/2016
Scott Pruitt, President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee to head the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, has made some questionable claims related to global warming, fracking and the Clean Power Plan. ...more
 
AFED Secretariat Annual Work Report 2016 10/11/2016
Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) is closing its most challenging year, in a region overwhelmed by security and economic turmoil. Although we continue to believe that, after all sorts of conflicts and wars, people will still need to preserve and develop their natural capital that they need for survival, AFED is being stripped of minimum resources to execute its mission ...more
 
Waste trade: exporting countries responsible to return refused waste. Interview with Rolph Payet. 2/3/2016
As part of its cover story about Waste trade, in the March-April 2016 issue, Al-Bia Wal-Tanmia magazine conducted this interview with Rolph Payet, executive secretary of the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. ...more
 
Strong climate deal good for Arab countries 4/12/2015
Climate change, once considered an issue for the future, has now moved firmly into the present. Few days before a new climate change deal is due to be agreed in Paris, the question is no longer whether there will be an agreement but what shape and how strong it will be. ...more
 
Sustainable consumption: AFED’s 2015 report and public opinion survey 19/11/2015
In 2009, an Arab Regional Strategy for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) was adopted by the League of Arab States. This was one of the first such regional strategies to be developed before the RIO+20 summit, which had adopted the 10 Year Framework of Programs (10YFP) on SCP. Consequently, the Arab Region moved forward and became the first region to develop and adopt a Roadmap for Implementation of the 10YFP on SCP at the regional level in June 2013. However, as is the case in most Arab regional strategies, both the roadmap and the SCP regional strategy are far from being implemented at the national levels. Development and implementation of SCP strategies in most Arab countries are still lagging. ...more
 
ACWA Power Develops 200 MW Solar PV Plant in Dubai: 5.84 Cents per kWh Sets New Global Pricing Benchmark 19/11/2015
In March 2015, the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) signed a 25-year power purchase agreement with a consortium of ACWA Power and TSK for a 200 MW net solar photo-voltaic (PV), under Phase II of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, the Middle East’s largest renewable energy park. The bid tariff set a new global pricing benchmark for renewable energy generated from utility scale PV panels at USD 5.84 cents/kWh without subsidies. The second phase is based on the Independent Power Producer (IPP) model and is intended to be operational by April 2017. The project, which occupies 4.5 Km2, will help to achieve a reduction of 400,000 tonnes of carbon emissions. ...more
 
Impact of phasing out water subsidies in Tunisia and Morocco on consumption: a general equilibrium approach 19/11/2015
Morocco and Tunisia are considered among the countries where the scarcity of water resources may cause a serious constraint to the development of their economies. The agricultural sector is the most important consumer of water with more than 80% of the total. Moreover, both countries have shown an increase in the share of GDP accounted for by the nonfarm sectors, which imply an increase in residential water demand as well as manufacturing and service sectors. Consequently, if production growth in the non-farm sectors requires a proportional increase of water demand factor , then water can be a major constraint to economic growth in both countries. ...more
 
GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CLIMATE-RESILIENT SEEDS AS A POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE-INDUCED FOOD SHORTAGES 4/9/2015
Climate change is predicted to have dramatic impacts on agricultural production globally. Although food production in some regions of the world may benefit from increasing average temperatures, most of the world will face severe challenges in adapting agricultural systems to the predicted climatic changes. ...more
 
Food Security and Climate Change: the UAE Experience 15/5/2015
The Arab world faces critical challenges in ensuring its food security. Our region is already the world’s largest net importer of essentials such as cereals and sugar, low water supplies in the region mean that expanding agricultural production is difficult, and population growth means that more people must be fed each year. In many ways, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) presents an exemplary case of this challenge. ...more
 
The UNDP-CEDRO Program’s Solar Power Initiatives 5/3/2015
The CEDRO project, a UNDP executed program, has been established since 2007, originally through a generous grant from the Government of Spain, through the Lebanon Recovery Fund, of approximately $10 million. At that time, renewable energy at large, and solar power in specific (with the exception of residential solar hot water systems), have not yet begun to be well propagated and/established. ...more
 
Conflict, refugees and food insecurity in the Arab region 5/3/2015
Conflict has a direct and indirect effect on food security, undermining it through various channels. Its direct effects are numerous – the destruction of infrastructure and machinery; death of livestock; razing of farm land,; and blocked access to markets for producers, distributors, and consumers. Indirectly, conflict discourages productive investment in agriculture, thereby reducing the availability of food. It strips government of tax revenues that prevent the establishment of social safety nets which promote food security. ...more
 
Virtual Water Trade as a Policy Instrument Contributing to the Achievement of Food Security in the GCC Countries 5/3/2015
The concept of ‘virtual water’ has been introduced by Tony Allan in the early nineties (Allan, 1993; 1994). However, it took nearly a decade to get global recognition for the importance of the concept of achieving regional and global water security. The "virtual water" content of a product, as often defined, is the volume of water used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced (i.e., a production site specific definition). ...more
 
Review of the likely impact of climate change on agriculture in selected Arab countries 5/3/2015
Climate change is expected to impact agriculture in the region in one way or another. Below is a short review of the anticipated impact of climate change on agricultural in selected Arab countries. ...more
 
How should we tackle natural conservation of Lebanon?: Japanese Ambassador `s observation 5/3/2015
The East Mediterranean, a cradle of the civilizations, is blessed with a diverse and plentiful nature. But this nature is endangered. Nowadays we can observe that the growth range of the Lebanese Cedars has diminished quite drastically. ...more
 
Developing Fish Resources in the Arab World 7/1/2015
The Arab World is rich with large fish resources providing health and cheap proteins to Arabs, compared to animal proteins from other resources. Since the Arab World suffers a shortage in grazing and animal feed resources, which limits the capability to expand meat production, it is very important to sustain the contribution of fish resources in providing animal proteins to the Arab food basket; actually, this sector must be developed to sustainably increase its contribution to the Arab food security system. ...more
 
IKEA, David Chang and ruler of Dubai invest $40 million in AeroFarms vertical farming 21/11/2017
If there was any question that indoor vertical farming is the future of agriculture, the latest announcement from AeroFarms will remove any doubt. ...more
 
Nebraska grants TransCanada approval to build the Keystone XL pipeline 21/11/2017
Nebraska just gave the go-ahead for Keystone XL, allowing TransCanada to clear the last regulatory hurdle for the hotly contested oil pipeline. ...more
 
World’s cheapest solar power to be generated in Mexico 21/11/2017
Mexico is on track to generate the world’s cheapest solar power — with prices as low as 1.77¢/kWh, according to Mexico’s Centro Nacional de Control de Energía (Cenace). ...more
 
Elephant advocates sue Trump administration on trophy hunting 21/11/2017
Conservation groups sued the U.S. government on Monday over a plan to allow hunters to bring home elephant and lion trophies from Zimbabwe, following changing statements about the possible move by President Donald Trump’s administration. ...more
 
Poland faces 100,000 euros a day fine if it continues logging in forest 21/11/2017
The European Union’s top court said on Monday Poland would be fined 100,000 euros ($117,000) a day if it did not stop large-scale logging in the Bialowieza forest, a UNESCO World Heritage site. ...more
 
Governments keep global climate deal on track despite U.S. pullout 20/11/2017
Almost 200 nations kept a 2015 global agreement to tackle climate change on track on Saturday after marathon talks overshadowed by U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to pull out. ...more
 
UK considers tax on single-use plastics to tackle ocean pollution 20/11/2017
The chancellor, Philip Hammond, will announce in next week’s budget a “call for evidence” on how taxes or other charges on single-use plastics such as takeaway cartons and packaging could reduce the impact of discarded waste on marine and bird life, the Treasury has said. ...more
 
New NASA tool shows exactly how melting glaciers will affect coastal cities 20/11/2017
NASA has developed a new tool that individuals and communities can use to determine the precise impacts that sea level rise will have on individual coastal cities. ...more
 
Revolutionary Tesla Semi Truck arrives with a whopping 500-mile driving range 20/11/2017
It’s here: the semi truck that we’ve all been waiting for. Tesla just unveiled its new electric 500-mile-range Semi Truck, which could revolutionize the transportation world. ...more
 
Full of beans: coffee grounds to help power London's buses 20/11/2017
Waste coffee grounds will be used to help fuel some of London’s buses, Royal Dutch Shell and clean technology company bio-bean said on Monday. ...more
 
Climate change denial or indifference are 'perverse attitudes': pope 17/11/2017
Denying climate change or being indifferent to its effects are “perverse attitudes” that block research and dialogue aimed at protecting the future of the planet, Pope Francis said on Thursday. ...more
 
At least 15 states join global alliance to phase out coal by 2030 17/11/2017
At least 15 countries have joined an international alliance to phase out coal from power generation before 2030, delegates at U.N. climate talks in Bonn said on Thursday. ...more
 
Poland aims to sign global climate deal amendment this year 17/11/2017
Coal-reliant Poland aims to ratify an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol on carbon emissions this year, making it possible for the European Union to back the pact unanimously, the country’s environment ministry said on Thursday. ...more
 
Ivory Coast to expel cocoa farmers from largest forest reserve 17/11/2017
Top cocoa producer Ivory Coast will launch an operation to expel thousands of illegal farmers from the Goin-Debe forest reserve, the West African nation’s largest, a government spokesman said on Thursday. ...more
 
Sun, wind and water: Africa's renewable energy set to soar by 2022 17/11/2017
Strong demand is set to give a huge boost to renewable energy growth in Sub-Sahara Africa over the next five years, driving cumulative capacity up more than 70 percent, a senior international energy official said on Wednesday. ...more
 
Mentorship programme to help UAE youth achieve climate goals 16/11/2017
A youth mentorship programme that connects young people with policy-makers to develop and achieve climate goals was launched by the UAE’s Ministry of Climate Change and Environment on Wednesday. ...more
 
EU ministers to look at climate deal amendment options without Poland: sources 16/11/2017
The EU may need to find a way to ratify the global agreement that governs cuts in greenhouse gas emissions over the next three years without Poland, whose widespread use of coal to generate power may scupper its involvement, EU sources said. ...more
 
France, Germany urge more action on climate after Trump quits 16/11/2017
The leaders of Germany and France promised to limit the use of coal on Wednesday and urged more global action to combat global warming after U.S. President Donald Trump pulled out of the 2015 Paris agreement. ...more
 
U.S. biofuels policy contributes to global warming: study 16/11/2017
U.S. renewable fuel mandates are contributing to global warming, boosting carbon emissions as farmers turn carbon-rich areas like wetlands and forests into cropland to grow corn, soy and wheat for biofuels production, a study presented on Wednesday said. ...more
 
Climate action by China, India to offset Trump: study 16/11/2017
Global warming is likely to be slightly less severe than previously expected thanks to stronger climate policies by China and India that will offset less U.S. action under President Donald Trump, a study showed on Wednesday. ...more
 
ADFD, IRENA Open New Round of Funding for Renewable Energy Projects in Developing Countries, Invite Applications 16/11/2017
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in partnership with the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD), is inviting applications for renewable energy projects in developing countries. Within the framework of the ADFD-funded US$350 million (AED1.285 billion) IRENA/ADFD Project Facility, the current funding round of US$50 million in concessional loans marks the sixth of seven annual cycles. ...more
 
AFED 10th Annual Conference “Arab Environment in 10 Years”, Beirut, 2-3 November 2017 15/11/2017
The Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) held its tenth annual conference on 2-3 November 2017, in Beirut, Lebanon, to discuss the changes that have shaped the Arab environment in the past 10 years. The conference convened at the iconic Le Bristol Hotel, the venue where AFED was born in 2006. ...more
 
World’s largest solar plant in a refugee camp opens in Jordan 15/11/2017
The world’s largest solar plant found in a refugee camp has begun operations at the Za’atari Refugee Camp in north Jordan, near the Syrian border. ...more
 
Germany, Britain inject $153 million in Amazon climate change fight 15/11/2017
Germany and Britain will provide a combined $153 million to expand programs to fight climate change and deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, according to a statement from the Brazilian government on Tuesday. ...more
 
China says 24 out of 28 cities fail to meet October smog target 15/11/2017
Only four of 28 northern Chinese cities met their air quality targets in October, official data showed on Tuesday, raising questions about the country’s ability to reduce the smog that typically develops during the winter. ...more
 
Smog-fighting helicopters in Delhi grounded – due to smog 15/11/2017
Delhi has been battling choking smog, prompting doctors to declare a public health emergency. The government came up with a plan: use helicopters to combat the air pollution. But there’s a problem: the helicopters can’t fly because the smog is so bad. ...more
 
 
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