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Environment and development AL-BIA WAL-TANMIA Leading Arabic Environment Magazine

March 2017 - 228
Editorial
Forum
Baher Kamal
New Evidence Confirms Risk That Mideast May Become Uninhabitable
Baher Kamal
New evidence is deepening scientific fears, advanced few years ago, that the Middle East and North Africa risk becoming uninhabitable in a few decades
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NAJIB SAAB
Climate change, natural resources and conflicts in Arab countries
NAJIB SAAB
Was the chaos in the Arab region instigated by the early impacts of climate change
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Tom Delay
What happened at COP22 in Marrakech? Four key themes
Tom Delay
COP22 in Marrakech was never going to hit the headlines in the same way that the climate talks in Paris did last year
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MATHIS WACKERNAGEL
How Switzerland made history with green economy vote
MATHIS WACKERNAGEL
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This weekend, Switzerland made world history, even though not as much as we would have liked
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Mey Sayegh
Inspiring stories from the MENA region: Women & Water Integrity
Mey Sayegh
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Refraining from paying water bills pushed Fardous Al Shabbar, the chairperson of the Jordanian Women's Un
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Ashok Khosla
Tolba, a great world leader, transformer and mentor
Ashok Khosla
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Although we had met several times in places like Stockholm, Geneva and Paris, I first properly got to kno
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Meet the
 Editor-in-Chief
Najib Saab
 
 
Selected articles News
FactCheck: The facts on Trump's EPA nominee 15/12/2016
Scott Pruitt, President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee to head the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, has made some questionable claims related to global warming, fracking and the Clean Power Plan. ...more
 
AFED Secretariat Annual Work Report 2016 10/11/2016
Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED) is closing its most challenging year, in a region overwhelmed by security and economic turmoil. Although we continue to believe that, after all sorts of conflicts and wars, people will still need to preserve and develop their natural capital that they need for survival, AFED is being stripped of minimum resources to execute its mission ...more
 
Waste trade: exporting countries responsible to return refused waste. Interview with Rolph Payet. 2/3/2016
As part of its cover story about Waste trade, in the March-April 2016 issue, Al-Bia Wal-Tanmia magazine conducted this interview with Rolph Payet, executive secretary of the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. ...more
 
Strong climate deal good for Arab countries 4/12/2015
Climate change, once considered an issue for the future, has now moved firmly into the present. Few days before a new climate change deal is due to be agreed in Paris, the question is no longer whether there will be an agreement but what shape and how strong it will be. ...more
 
Sustainable consumption: AFED’s 2015 report and public opinion survey 19/11/2015
In 2009, an Arab Regional Strategy for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) was adopted by the League of Arab States. This was one of the first such regional strategies to be developed before the RIO+20 summit, which had adopted the 10 Year Framework of Programs (10YFP) on SCP. Consequently, the Arab Region moved forward and became the first region to develop and adopt a Roadmap for Implementation of the 10YFP on SCP at the regional level in June 2013. However, as is the case in most Arab regional strategies, both the roadmap and the SCP regional strategy are far from being implemented at the national levels. Development and implementation of SCP strategies in most Arab countries are still lagging. ...more
 
ACWA Power Develops 200 MW Solar PV Plant in Dubai: 5.84 Cents per kWh Sets New Global Pricing Benchmark 19/11/2015
In March 2015, the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) signed a 25-year power purchase agreement with a consortium of ACWA Power and TSK for a 200 MW net solar photo-voltaic (PV), under Phase II of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, the Middle East’s largest renewable energy park. The bid tariff set a new global pricing benchmark for renewable energy generated from utility scale PV panels at USD 5.84 cents/kWh without subsidies. The second phase is based on the Independent Power Producer (IPP) model and is intended to be operational by April 2017. The project, which occupies 4.5 Km2, will help to achieve a reduction of 400,000 tonnes of carbon emissions. ...more
 
Impact of phasing out water subsidies in Tunisia and Morocco on consumption: a general equilibrium approach 19/11/2015
Morocco and Tunisia are considered among the countries where the scarcity of water resources may cause a serious constraint to the development of their economies. The agricultural sector is the most important consumer of water with more than 80% of the total. Moreover, both countries have shown an increase in the share of GDP accounted for by the nonfarm sectors, which imply an increase in residential water demand as well as manufacturing and service sectors. Consequently, if production growth in the non-farm sectors requires a proportional increase of water demand factor , then water can be a major constraint to economic growth in both countries. ...more
 
GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CLIMATE-RESILIENT SEEDS AS A POSSIBLE RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE-INDUCED FOOD SHORTAGES 4/9/2015
Climate change is predicted to have dramatic impacts on agricultural production globally. Although food production in some regions of the world may benefit from increasing average temperatures, most of the world will face severe challenges in adapting agricultural systems to the predicted climatic changes. ...more
 
Food Security and Climate Change: the UAE Experience 15/5/2015
The Arab world faces critical challenges in ensuring its food security. Our region is already the world’s largest net importer of essentials such as cereals and sugar, low water supplies in the region mean that expanding agricultural production is difficult, and population growth means that more people must be fed each year. In many ways, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) presents an exemplary case of this challenge. ...more
 
The UNDP-CEDRO Program’s Solar Power Initiatives 5/3/2015
The CEDRO project, a UNDP executed program, has been established since 2007, originally through a generous grant from the Government of Spain, through the Lebanon Recovery Fund, of approximately $10 million. At that time, renewable energy at large, and solar power in specific (with the exception of residential solar hot water systems), have not yet begun to be well propagated and/established. ...more
 
Conflict, refugees and food insecurity in the Arab region 5/3/2015
Conflict has a direct and indirect effect on food security, undermining it through various channels. Its direct effects are numerous – the destruction of infrastructure and machinery; death of livestock; razing of farm land,; and blocked access to markets for producers, distributors, and consumers. Indirectly, conflict discourages productive investment in agriculture, thereby reducing the availability of food. It strips government of tax revenues that prevent the establishment of social safety nets which promote food security. ...more
 
Virtual Water Trade as a Policy Instrument Contributing to the Achievement of Food Security in the GCC Countries 5/3/2015
The concept of ‘virtual water’ has been introduced by Tony Allan in the early nineties (Allan, 1993; 1994). However, it took nearly a decade to get global recognition for the importance of the concept of achieving regional and global water security. The "virtual water" content of a product, as often defined, is the volume of water used to produce the product, measured at the place where the product was actually produced (i.e., a production site specific definition). ...more
 
Review of the likely impact of climate change on agriculture in selected Arab countries 5/3/2015
Climate change is expected to impact agriculture in the region in one way or another. Below is a short review of the anticipated impact of climate change on agricultural in selected Arab countries. ...more
 
How should we tackle natural conservation of Lebanon?: Japanese Ambassador `s observation 5/3/2015
The East Mediterranean, a cradle of the civilizations, is blessed with a diverse and plentiful nature. But this nature is endangered. Nowadays we can observe that the growth range of the Lebanese Cedars has diminished quite drastically. ...more
 
Developing Fish Resources in the Arab World 7/1/2015
The Arab World is rich with large fish resources providing health and cheap proteins to Arabs, compared to animal proteins from other resources. Since the Arab World suffers a shortage in grazing and animal feed resources, which limits the capability to expand meat production, it is very important to sustain the contribution of fish resources in providing animal proteins to the Arab food basket; actually, this sector must be developed to sustainably increase its contribution to the Arab food security system. ...more
 
Dead Sea salt reveals drought on a scale never recorded – and it could happen again 30/3/2017
Thick layers of Dead Sea salt found 1,000 feet below the sea bed hold clues to our planet’s past – and a warning. ...more
 
EU says China, EU must show joint leadership on climate as U.S. pulls back 30/3/2017
China and the European Union need to show joint leadership on climate change and cannot expect the "same leadership" from the new administration in the United States, European climate commissioner Miguel Arias Canete said in Beijing on Thursday. ...more
 
Paris and London mayors announce scheme to gauge car emissions 30/3/2017
The mayors of Paris and London announced a new scheme for monitoring emissions from vehicles on Wednesday, aimed at improving air quality in the two capitals. ...more
 
Daimler accelerates electric car program 30/3/2017
Mercedes-Benz owner Daimler is accelerating its electric car program, it said on Wednesday after announcing that it had failed to cut fleet emissions in Europe for the first time since 2007. ...more
 
Thinning Arctic sea ice lets in light, prompts algae bloom-study 30/3/2017
Climate change is stirring life in the Arctic Ocean as thinning sea ice lets in more sunlight, allowing microscopic algae to bloom in the inhospitable region around the North Pole, scientists said on Wednesday. ...more
 
UAE’s coastal cities at high risk from rising sea levels 29/3/2017
Cities along the UAE coastline are at high risk from rising sea levels, a long-term forecast for climate change says. ...more
 
Trump signs order dismantling Obama-era climate policies 29/3/2017
President Donald Trump on Tuesday signed an order to undo Obama-era climate change regulations, keeping a campaign promise to support the coal industry and calling into question U.S. support for an international deal to fight global warming. ...more
 
Only Sweden, Germany and France among EU are pursuing Paris climate goals, says study 29/3/2017
Sweden, Germany and France are the only European countries pursuing environmental policies in line with promises made at the Paris climate conference, according to a new ranking study. ...more
 
Beijing development plan calls for more green space, cap on population 29/3/2017
Beijing will publish a draft plan for the long-term development of the Chinese capital on Wednesday, according to state media, which includes measures to cap the population and cut air pollution. ...more
 
Nearly extinct tigers found breeding in Thai jungle 29/3/2017
Conservationists say they have evidence the critically endangered Indochinese tiger is breeding in a Thai jungle, giving hope for the survival of an animal whose total population may be only a little over 200. ...more
 
Decreased water resources likely to affect UAE’s food output 28/3/2017
Decreased resources of fresh water are likely to affect the agriculture sector, according to a report by Emirates Wildlife Society-WWF. ...more
 
Trump to sign order sweeping away Obama-era climate policies 28/3/2017
U.S. President Donald Trump will sign an executive order on Tuesday to undo a slew of Obama-era climate change regulations, a move meant to bolster domestic energy production but which environmentalists have vowed to challenge in court. ...more
 
EU nations vote against GM crops, but not enough to block them 28/3/2017
A majority of EU countries voted on Monday against allowing two new genetically modified crops to be grown in Europe, batting the contentious decision on GM cultivation in Europe back to the EU executive, according to two sources. ...more
 
Trump administration could open door to geoengineering 28/3/2017
President Donald Trump’s main stance on climate change is usually denial, but if he does take action it could be with the controversial approach of geoengineering. ...more
 
Fashion trending footwear made from recycled water bottles (VIDEO) 28/3/2017
A San Francisco start-up is embracing environmental sustainability and cashing in with a line of woman's shoes made of recycles water bottles. ...more
 
World’s first zero-emissions hydrogen train aces maiden voyage 27/3/2017
The world’s first hydrogen-powered train recently took its maiden voyage, reaching 50 miles per hour in a passenger-free trial run on a test track in Salzgitter, Germany. ...more
 
Lights go out around the world for 10th Earth Hour 27/3/2017
The lights were switched off around the world at 8:30 p.m. on Saturday evening, to mark the 10th annual Earth Hour, and to draw attention to climate change. ...more
 
China air quality got markedly worse in Jan-Feb: ministry 27/3/2017
China's air quality was markedly worse in the first two months of the year than the same period of 2016 following a series of smog outbreaks in northern China, official data published on Friday showed. ...more
 
Stop treating oceans as 'waste swimming pool': U.N.'s FAO chief 27/3/2017
The world must stop treating the oceans as a "waste swimming pool" for pollution, a senior U.N. official said on Friday at the debut in Oslo of a $65 million research ship to help developing nations manage fish stocks. ...more
 
Germany increases electric car charging points 27 percent in 2016 27/3/2017
The number of electric car charging points for public use in Germany rose by 27 percent last year, including hundreds more fast-charging units, amid efforts to boost the technology across Europe. ...more
 
Tunisia bans disposable plastic shopping bags 24/3/2017
In an effort to reduce plastic waste, shoppers in Tunisia will no longer be able to get single-use bags at supermarkets. ...more
 
Halve carbon emissions each decade to combat warming: study 24/3/2017
Scientists proposed on Thursday a legislative and economic framework to halve the world's carbon dioxide emissions every decade from 2020 and combat climate change, by issuing hefty penalties on carbon emitters. ...more
 
Smog-hit Beijing plans 'green necklace' to block pollution 24/3/2017
Beijing and the surrounding province of Hebei will plant trees, establish green belts and make use of rivers and wetlands to create a "green necklace" to protect China's smog-hit capital from pollution, the Hebei government said on Thursday. ...more
 
World’s largest artificial sun switches on in Germany 24/3/2017
German scientists are hoping to shine new light on ways to generate environmentally friendly fuels. At the German Aerospace Center (DLR)’s Institute for Solar Research, they have flipped on a system called Synlight, which they describe as the largest artificial sun on the planet. ...more
 
Google Street View cars are helping scientists spot methane leaks 24/3/2017
The Google fleet has been mapping cities around the world for years, making navigation easier for travelers. Now they have an important new responsibility: Google Street View cars will seek out natural gas leaks in urban areas. ...more
 
 
Poll of the month
Do you prefer the environmental policy adopted by Trump or the one adopted by Obama?

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ان جميع مقالات ونصوص "البيئة والتنمية" تخضع لرخصة الحقوق الفكرية الخاصة بـ "المنشورات التقنية". يتوجب نسب المقال الى "البيئة والتنمية" . يحظر استخدام النصوص لأية غايات تجارية . يُحظر القيام بأي تعديل أو تحوير أو تغيير في النص الأصلي. لمزيد من المعلومات عن حقوق النشر يرجى الاتصال بادارة المجلة
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